Have you cared for your teeth lately? Not only your teeth, what about your gums? Actually, good hygiene of the oral cavity may go beyond what you see on the surface. Dentists encourage that you take the necessary steps for preventative care. You can lessen the chances of oral diseases through proper hygiene and checkups for expert evaluations and cleanings. Dentists will prepare individualized plans to treat and even prevent diseases of the oral cavity.
Dentistry encompasses important practices for keeping you healthy and your smile impeccable. Some common treatments involve the restoration of teeth, extractions, root canals and periodontal therapy; think of it as removing unwanted guests from your mouth so that your teeth and gums can prosper. In a technical sense, you are establishing a periodontium free of disease and discomfort.
A majority of dental procedures are performed to treat and prevent the two most common oral diseases, dental caries and periodontal disease. Dental caries, better known as cavities, are a bacterial infection that causes teeth to literally decay. It’s so common because it originates from food debris accumulating on the surface of teeth, bacteria fermenting that food, and producing acid as a result. This then eats away the enamel of teeth leaving your oral cavity in an undesirable state.
The other common oral disease, periodontal disease, attacks the supporting tissue of teeth structure. Microorganisms are hard at work deteriorating the overall health of soft tissue. There are several classifications of periodontal disease, some of which are destructive and irreversible. Combat these unwanted microorganisms by brushing your teeth, flossing and using antiseptic mouthwash. There is a war going on in your oral cavity, and your health needs all the support it can get to ensure your well-being and happiness!
General dentistry is the first line of defense against this ongoing battle. A team comprised of dentists, assistants, hygienists, technicians, and therapists are all available to improve the health of your oral cavity. During examination, dentists will use instruments, tests, and radiographs to diagnose potential or existing disease states and pathologies. If need be, dentists can prescribe medication such as antibiotics and sedatives as well as referrals to specialists in the dentistry field.
If there is a diagnosis, general dentistry can pursue several dental treatments in order to take corrective action. One option is restorative treatment using fillings, crowns and bridges. Dental fillings and crowns are used to repair damaged structures of teeth caused by tooth decay, wear or trauma. The most common fillings are gold, silver, amalgam, composite resin and porcelain. Each of these materials have advantages and disadvantages, a good dentist will make sure you understand the pros and cons of each type of filling.
If a single filling is not enough, dental bridges may be a more viable option. Dental bridges fill the void of missing teeth with artificial replacements, held in place by a composite material anchored to surrounding teeth.
Sometimes, the problem is deeper than exposed teeth needing repair. Oftentimes teeth grow to become misaligned and need a little guidance to get back on track. An increasingly popular dental treatment is using braces and retainers for a period of time. This is dually advantageous since you and your teeth benefit cosmetically and for functionality purposes.
Major health problems can stem from oral diseases; for any issues you may be experiencing, consult a dentist! Conditions in the oral cavity can indicate systemic diseases such as osteoporosis, diabetes, or cancer. Gum disease is associated with increased risk of diabetes, heart disease, and preterm birth. Do not disregard any issues you may be experiencing with your oral cavity, seek attention immediately, your life may depend on it!